Balance & Harmony
Baduk is an ancient game of strategy played with white and black stones. The fundamental principle of baduk is the concept of balance and harmony. Balance and harmony are the principles of Yeum and Yang (also known as Yin and Yang). Baduk in not merely a game of strategy, it is also a tool for the stimulation of mental development and discipline as well as philosophy. Baduk is the Korean to English translation of the name. The Chinese to English translation of the name is "weiqi" and the Japanese to English translation of the name is "Go". Baduk is one of the oldest games in the world.
The origins of baduk begin in China were baduk has been practiced for thousands of years. The Zuo Zhuan is translated from Chinese to English as the "Commentary of Zuo" and is a Chinese written history that spans from 722BC to 468BC. The Zuo Zhuan mentions baduk in reference to a historical event recorded around 548BC. Baduk is also mentioned in the Analects of Confucius and in the two books of Mencius. In ancient China, baduk was one of the four arts of the Chinese scholar. These four arts were Qin (Music), Qi (Baduk or Weiqi), Shu (Calligraphy) and Hua (Painting). Qin, Qi, Shu and Hua are the Chinese to English translations for the arts.
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